Abdominal cancer tumours and their treatment measures.

Understanding pancreatic cancer.

Abdomen contains various organs like stomach, large intestine, liver, large intestine, spleen pancreas, urinary bladder, kidneys. Cancer can develop in any of these organs. In this article I am going to explain the  Cancer of pancreas. Pancreas is a  gland located below the stomach. The function of the pancreas gland is to produce some  enzymes like insulin, Glucagon, somatostatin  and  pancreatic polypeptides. The pancreas has an important role in digestion and glucose metabolism of the body. The risk of pancreatic cancer increases with age.  There are some risk factors like alcoholism, Tobacco chewing and smoking.  Some percentage of patients might have a family history of pancreatic cancer.

 Symptoms of  pancreatic cancer

The patient might have pain in abdomen,  nausea and vomiting,  in digestion,  blood in stools,  black
colour stool,  lump in abdomen  and  loss of appetite.

How to diagnose pancreatic cancer?

There are few tests done to diagnose pancreas cancer. Triple phase CT scan  is investigation of choice for pancreatic cancer.  In this test we understand The extent of spread of disease. Another important test in diagnosis of pancreas cancer please  endoscopy and ERCP.  There is a blood test 19-9 also called a pancreatic Tumour Marker  can be done to diagnose Pancreatic cancer.

Adenocarcinoma is the most common type of cancer in pancreas.  apart from that  pancreas can
have  other tumours like carcinoid and neuroendocrine tumours.

Treatment of pancreatic cancer

There are three types of treatments available for pancreatic cancer. The choice of treatment
depends on the stage of the disease and type of cancer. Surgery, chemotherapy and Radiation therapy are three types of  treatments available for  treatment of pancreas cancer. The most common surgery done in pancreatic Cancer is  Whipple’s  surgery.  The pancreas has rich blood supply and lymphatic supply that’s why the surgery of pancreas is critical.

In chemotherapy some cancer medicines are given through oo veins or in the form of tablets. In radiation therapy tumour is treated with high energy rays like X-rays and gamma rays. These high energy rays react with DNA  of  tumour cells and   destroy  tumours.

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